The Greatest Books: The Best Books

A Scandinavian hoard of coins found in Croydon c. His most famous work, … House of Wisdom — The House of Wisdom Bayt al-Hikma was a library, translation institute and research centre established in Abbasid-era Baghdad, Iraq. It bears the shahadah Islamic declaration of faith. It is on display at the British Museum. Gardner, donated the Ballycotton cross to the British Museum. It is a jewelled Celtic cross with a centre glass jewel … Oldest Universities in the World — University of Al-Karaouine, Fes, Morocco, originally was a mosque founded in by Fatima al-Fihri, a Muslim woman. It developed into one of the leading universities for natural … Ibn Sina — Avicenna c. The decisive defeat of the Byzantine army and … Crusades — In March , Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos sent his ambassador to call for help with defending his empire against the Muslim Seljuk Turks.

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Dar-al-Jil, , p. Islamic leaders go to extraordinary means to hide the Gospel of Jesus from Muslims. Just as Satan wails at a crucifix at an exorcism – the Islamic cult member normally wails at the sight of the Christian Bible.

As of Britain in the s’ timeline, Margaret Thatcher reigned as the Prime Minister throughout. She was the only lady to ever hold the position and went on to become the longest-serving prime minister in .

It is a place where artists and intellectuals had taken refuge as the Reconquista by Spanish Christians won victories over Al Andalus. The Alhambra integrates natural site qualities with constructed structures and gardens, and is a testament to Moorish culture in Spain and the skills of Muslim, Jewish, and Christian artisans, craftsmen, and builders of their era.

The literal translation of Alhambra, “the red female ,” reflects the color of the red clay of the surroundings of which the fort is made. The buildings of the Alhambra were originally whitewashed ; however, the buildings as seen today are reddish. Another possible origin of the name is the tribal designation of the Nasrid Dynasty , known as the Banu al-Ahmar Arabic: Detail of Islamic calligraphy in Mexuar Hall: In one particularly fierce and bloody skirmish, the Muladies soundly defeated the Arabs, who were then forced to take shelter in a primitive red castle located in the province of Elvira, presently located in Granada.

According to surviving documents from the era, the red castle was quite small, and its walls were not capable of deterring an army intent on conquering. The castle was then largely ignored until the eleventh century, when its ruins were renovated and rebuilt by Samuel ibn Naghrela , vizier to the emir Badis ben Habus of the Zirid Dynasty of Al Andalus, in an attempt to preserve the small Jewish settlement also located on the natural plateau, Sabikah Hill.

A few months later, he embarked on the construction of a new Alhambra fit for the residence of a sultan. The design included plans for six palaces, five of which were grouped in the northeast quadrant forming a royal quarter, two circuit towers, and numerous bathhouses. During the reign of the Nasrid Dynasty, the Alhambra was transformed into a palatine city, complete with an irrigation system composed of acequias for the gardens of the Generalife located outside the fortress.

List of suggested heroes

The novelist said he wouldn’t rule out relationships completely but he has no desire for a fifth union. Salman Rushdie and his former wife Padma Lakshmi split weeks after the Satanic Verses author received a knighthood The author of The Satanic Verses also revealed he doesn’t want any more children beyond his only son. Second was US novelist Marianne Wiggins who he married in and divorced five years later. He had been married to third wife Elizabeth West a mere two years when he kicked her into touch after meeting former Vogue model Padma Lakshmi at a party in New York in They were a mismatched couple in many senses – she was 24 years his junior and stood a full seven inches taller in her heels than the 5ft 7in Rushdie.

Since the break-up Rushdie has rarely been seen without a glamorous woman on his arm and has been overseeing his own radical image makeover.

Mumbai: Mumbai, city, capital of Maharashtra state, southwestern India. It is the country’s financial and commercial centre and its principal port on the Arabian Sea. Located on Maharashtra’s coast, Mumbai is India’s most-populous city, and it is one of the largest and most densely populated urban areas in.

His early novels were about scientists – Copernicus, Kepler and Newton – and were superbly accomplished, but he really hit his stride with The Book of Evidence , which was about a criminal aesthete, and which grew into a trilogy with Ghosts and Athena In The Untouchable , he brilliantly translated this dynamic into a fictional autobiography of Anthony Blunt. He returns to it in The Sea, his best novel so far.

It has been said of the Irish by some English person probably one invented by an Irishman that we gave them a language and they taught us how to use it. Gerald answers the door, summons Nick and stands back “to see if there was going to be any kind of trouble”. Gerald then retires to the kitchen, where he is overheard explaining that the visitor is “‘some pal of Nick’s When the passenger who Nick knew was Lady Partridge didn’t emerge, a very rare thing happened and the cabbie got out of the cab and yanked the door open himself, standing aside with a flourish which she acknowledged dryly as she stepped out.

List of national legal systems

The Bible and works by Shakespeare are among those that have been banned over the past two thousand years. Here is a selective timeline of book bannings, burnings, and other censorship activities. Bannings and Burnings in History — B. The Chinese emperor Shih Huang Ti is said to have buried alive Confucian scholars to control the writing of history in his time.

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, – April 15, ) was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March until his assassination in April Lincoln led the United States through its greatest constitutional, military, and moral crises—the American Civil War—preserving the Union, abolishing slavery, strengthening the national government and modernizing the economy.

Literature and Terrorism In an age of terror, how does literature help us transcend our reality, lend perspective to our confusion by pulling us into the past and other cultures, and give expression to our anguish and fear through catharsis? They survived it; so can we. In this course we will define terrorism the way the Arabs define it, as any organized violence, by an individual, group or state, legitimate or illegitimate, against a civilian population, either intentional or unintentional.

Black Water is both a personal and stylistic meditation on terror as well as an indirect indictment of the terror a powerful political leader has over an innocent civilian. Sometimes real life provides so much terror that the reader hides in literature for escape, seeking fantasy, happy endings, funny, harmless stories that eschew the turmoil of an unlivable situation. No one can take too much of one thing. When New Yorkers were coughing from the smoke and toxins downtown, they did not go to the movies to see sci fi representations of Manhattan blowing up.

But literature is different from film because we can choose when and how often to put the book down. Instead of watching a naturalistic representation, we recreate the story in our minds to excite, soothe or incite us. Many of the writers we will study had personal experience of a world war, the holocaust, the Israeli checkpoints, prison for their writings or gender brutality such as clitorectomies.

Some could not write for years afterwards; others wrote on toilet paper in prison. It is significant that terrorism demands a certain amount of intelligence in order to achieve its devastating effect.

About qualify Civils prelims from TS, A.P.

Landscape City site The city of Mumbai occupies a peninsular site on Bombay Island, a landmass originally composed of seven islets lying off the Konkan coast of western India. Since the 17th century the islets have been joined through drainage and reclamation projects, as well as through the construction of causeways and breakwaters, to form Bombay Island. East of the island are the sheltered waters of Mumbai Bombay Harbour. Bombay Island consists of a low-lying plain, about one-fourth of which lies below sea level; the plain is flanked on the east and west by two parallel ridges of low hills.

Colaba Point, the headland formed on the extreme south by the longer of those ridges, protects Mumbai Harbour from the open sea. The western ridge terminates at Malabar Hill , which, rising feet 55 metres above sea level , is one of the highest points in Mumbai.

“The Pilot” is the two-part season finale episode of the fourth season of Seinfeld. It makes up the 63rd and 64th episodes and first aired on May 20,

His next novel, Midnight’s Children , catapulted him to literary notability. This work won the Booker Prize and, in and , was awarded the Best of the Bookers as the best novel to have received the prize during its first 25 and 40 years. The character of Saleem Sinai has been compared to Rushdie. Both these works of postcolonial literature are characterised by a style of magic realism and the immigrant outlook that Rushdie is very conscious of as a member of the Kashmiri diaspora.

Rushdie wrote a non-fiction book about Nicaragua in called The Jaguar Smile. This book has a political focus and is based on his first-hand experiences and research at the scene of Sandinista political experiments. His most controversial work, The Satanic Verses , was published in see section below. In addition to books, Rushdie has published many short stories, including those collected in East, West The Moor’s Last Sigh , a family epic ranging over some years of India’s history was published in The Ground Beneath Her Feet presents an alternative history of modern rock music.

The song of the same name by U2 is one of many song lyrics included in the book; hence Rushdie is credited as the lyricist. He also wrote Haroun and the Sea of Stories in It was shortlisted for the International Dublin Literary Award. Rushdie was a personal friend of Angela Carter ‘s and praised her highly in the foreword of her collection Burning your Boats.

The Pilot (Seinfeld)

I saw loads of stuff Parvati became best friends with Lavender Brown , with whom she shared many interests, such as a love for Divination. Parvati attended the Yule Ball with Harry Potter in , and a year later she joined Dumbledore’s Army , an organisation taught and led by Harry Potter. It is unknown if she survived the battle. Contents Biography Early life Parvati was born to Mr Patil and his wife as one of their twin daughters; the other being Padma. Hogwarts years Draco Malfoy:

Some of the most controversial books in history are now regarded as classics. The Bible and works by Shakespeare are among those that have been banned over the past two thousand years.

Shamash the Babylonian sun god hands King Hammurabi a code of law The central source of law that is recognized as authoritative is codifications in a constitution or statute passed by legislature , to amend a code. While the concept of codification dates back to the Code of Hammurabi in Babylon ca. This was an extensive reform of the law in the Byzantine Empire , bringing it together into codified documents. Civil law was also partly influenced by religious laws such as Canon law and Islamic law.

Only legislative enactments rather than legal precedents , as in common law are considered legally binding. Scholars of comparative law and economists promoting the legal origins theory usually subdivide civil law into four distinct groups: As historically integrated in the Scandinavian cultural sphere, Finland and Iceland also inherited the system.

However, some of these legal systems are often and more correctly said to be of hybrid nature:

The Best Commencement Speeches, Ever : NPR

The Bible and works by Shakespeare are among those that have been banned over the past two thousand years. Here is a selective timeline of book bannings, burnings, and other censorship activities. Bannings and Burnings in History — B. The Chinese emperor Shih Huang Ti is said to have buried alive Confucian scholars to control the writing of history in his time.

With all previous historical records destroyed, he thought history could be said to begin with him.

Jul 02,  · The Best Commencement Speeches, Ever. Looking for some new words of wisdom? Check out our hand-picked selection of commencement addresses, going back to

July 14, July 17, At the all-India level, 10, candidates have been declared qualified of the estimated three lakh candidates who tried their luck. Among these, 39, aspirants from the Telugu States appeared for the exam. Mains would be conducted from September 28 in two phases from this year. The first part would comprise the common compulsory papers that would be held from September 28 to Time cycle compressed Earlier, the preliminary exam results were declared nearly 60 days after conducting the examination.

However, the Second Administrative Reforms Commission headed by former Union Minister Veerappa Moily, in its report, had recommended that the time cycle of the examination be compressed and the main exam be conducted within two months of the preliminary exam. In consonance with the recommendation, the UPSC announced the preliminary results within 40 days of conducting the exam, on Saturday.

If online mode is implemented, it would ensure that the time cycle is considerably reduced. This may attract the best talent who are reportedly averse to taking the examination due to the extended time cycle. This article has been corrected for a factual error. At the all-India level, 10, candidates have been declared qualified in the Civil Services preliminary examination and not as mentioned earlier.

Bannings and Burnings in History

Part 1[ edit ] Jerry and George get the green light to produce Jerry, the pilot for the series based on their ” nothing ” lives. George is obsessed with a potentially cancerous white spot on his lip and a box of raisins taken by an actor playing Kramer , played by Larry Hankin who had actually auditioned for the role of Kramer when Seinfeld began production. The real Kramer has intestinal problems and, on his way to find a bathroom, he gets delayed by being mugged and “misses his chance” to resolve the problem, resulting in constipation.

Jerry has an audition with the new “Elaine” played by Elena Wohl , a method actress interested in being Elaine in every way, including insisting being called Elaine and even going as far as dating Jerry and breaking up with him in Part 2. Jerry points out to the real Elaine that Monk’s coffee shop appears to be only hiring buxom waitresses, so she tries to get hired; when the owner turns her down, she files a report with the Equal Employment Opportunity office. Part 2[ edit ] Rehearsals for the pilot begin.

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Las Posadas Clothing Clothing for most Indians is also quite simple and typically untailored. Men especially in rural areas frequently wear little more than a broadcloth dhoti , worn as a loose skirtlike loincloth, or, in parts of the south and east, the tighter wraparound lungi. In both cases the body remains bare above the waist, except in cooler weather, when a shawl also may be worn, or in hot weather, when the head may be protected by a turban. The more-affluent and higher-caste men are likely to wear a tailored shirt, increasingly of Western style.

Muslims, Sikhs, and urban dwellers generally are more inclined to wear tailored clothing, including various types of trousers, jackets, and vests. Indian men wearing dhotis, from a 19th-century painting. Courtesy of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London Although throughout most of India women wear saris and short blouses, the way in which a sari is wrapped varies greatly from one region to another. In Punjab, as well as among older female students and many city dwellers, the characteristic dress is the shalwar-kamiz , a combination of pajama-like trousers and a long-tailed shirt saris being reserved for special occasions.

Billowing ankle-length skirts and blouses are the typical female dress of Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat. Most rural Indians, especially females, do not wear shoes and, when footwear is necessary, prefer sandals. Indian woman wearing a sari, detail of a gouache painting on mica from Tiruchchirappalli, India, c. Courtesy of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London The modes of dress of tribal Indians are exceedingly varied and can be, as among certain Naga groups, quite ornate.

Throughout India, however, Western dress is increasingly in vogue, especially among urban and educated males, and Western-style school uniforms are worn by both sexes in many schools, even in rural India. The arts Few areas of the world can claim an artistic heritage comparable to that developed in India over the course of more than four millennia.

Salman Rushdie & ‘The Satanic Verses’ : Whose Freedom? Whose Speech? (1989) – The Fifth Estate